Founded in 1872, the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, known too by its acronym BOKU, comprises 15 departments and four service centres in and around Vienna. BOKU has about 12 000 students (20% international), about 700 scientists employed on a project basis, about 74 full professors and about 130 associate professors. BOKU is a unique Austrian research and teaching organisation with strong focus on soil and terrestrial ecosystems, biotechnology, resources and societal dynamics, water-atmosphere-environment, living space and landscape, renewable raw materials, food-nutrition-health and nano sciences.

Ghent University (www.ugent.be) was founded in 1817. Currently (2018), it has 11 Faculties and attracts over 42,000 students, with a foreign student population of about 10% (40% of PhD students). Annually, the university received about 6,200 foreign students. In 2016, the university invested over 297 million Euros in research projects and employed around 7,900 academic staff members. Ghent University is currently ranked 69nd in the Shanghai and 107th in the Times ranking, respectively, and the university is one of the fastest growing European universities in terms of research capacity and productivity. For IMSOGLO-matters, the general and UGent coordinator is Prof. dr. Peter Finke (imsoglo@ugent.be).

Aarhus University is a young, modern university established in 1928. It has grown to become a leading public research university with international reach covering the entire research spectrum. Around 12% of 39.000 students are international, representing over 106 nationalities. The university is consistently ranked as one of the world’s top universities. It was ranked number 65 in the 2018 Shanghai ranking and among the world’s 100 best universities in 17 out of 42 subjects in the latest 2018 QS World University Rankings by Subject. According to Universitas 21 Ranking 2017 Denmark ranks fourth best in the world in proving higher education. Denmark is widely cited as one of the world’s most liveable places.

The University of Göttingen is an internationally renowned research university. Founded in 1737 in the Age of Enlightenment, the University is committed to the values of social responsibility of science, democracy, tolerance and justice. It offers a comprehensive range of subjects across 13 faculties: in the natural sciences, humanities, social sciences and medicine. With over 30,000 students and offering up to 200 degree programmes, the University is one of the largest in Germany. Two Faculties are involved in IMSOGLO, i.e. the Faculty of Geosciences and Geography, and the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences (with the Department of Crop Sciences as the Lead).